How to Use pwd Command in Linux

Stands for the print work directory. This command will output the full path of the current current directory. It only takes a couple of options -P and -L which resolve directories for Symbolic links.

General syntax for pwd command:

$ pwd [OPTION...]
Display physical directory without symlinks
pwd -P

The -P option only prints the absolute path of the directory, avoiding symbolic links in the output.

Example: Printing the absolute path by replacing the SymLink with the ExampleDir directory.

display dir without symlinks
Display working directory with symlinks
pwd -L

This option prints the path to the current working directory, including symlinks.

Example: Located in SymLink, let’s run the command to see the output with a symbolic link.

directory with symlinks
Display variable content
var=$(pwd)

Store the value of the pwd command in a variable.

Example: Storing the value of the pwd command in the NewVar variable and displaying its value from this variable.

display variable content
Display previous working directory
echo "$OLDPWD"

Use this command to print the previous working directory path.

Example: Checking the previous location (Desktop/ExampleDir) in the file system and outputting it.

display working dir
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