(Contributed by: Linda Hartley)
In this fast-paced digital world, one must keep on learning and enhancing their skills and abreast themselves with the current trends to compete with the ever-evolving marketplace!
One of the most trending jobs in the market is of a full-stack developer. So, basically what is a full stack developer, what their job role is, and how to become a full-stack developer?
You can explore the answer to all these questions in this blog which is solely written to discover all the fuss about full-stack developers.
What is a full-stack developer?
A full-stack developer works on both the front-end and back-end of the website or app. A full-stack developer is also proficient in each subcaste of the tech stack.
Let’s get familiar with frontend and backend development.
Front-end development refers to the development of the design and user interface of the website. It basically focuses on the creation of an innovative and user-friendly interface that makes navigating the website easy.
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Front-end developer creates simple and easy navigation, layout, space, typography, icons, font, color, images, animation, and much more. Wireframes and prototypes are created in the designing and front-end development phase to help developers create an exceptional user interface.
There are different tools and languages utilized in the front-end development that we will discuss later.
Back-end development focuses on the backend operations of the project which includes the coding section, database creation, server, and architecture. The backend controls the components which enable the user-facing side of the website to exist.
The backend developers work on creating APIs and integrate the front end with the backend. The backend development is quite complicated as the developer needs to look after every component and make sure it’s functional and practical.
What skills are required to become a full-stack developer?
There are different skills needed to become a full-stack developer that is listed below:
Front-end languages and framework
The most common front-end frameworks are React Angular, JQuery, Bootstrap, Vue. js, and Svelte. All these frameworks and tools help in making an outstanding front-end of the website.
Getting Started with React.js
Back-end languages and framework
After the front-end completion, a full-stack developer needs to have hands-on experience in backend coding languages that helps in maintaining the back-end logic of a website. Some of the basic backend development languages include PHP, Python, Java, Node JS, etc.
These languages are the backbone of the website backend development. Now, to make applications faster and standardized, it’s essential to work with backend frameworks and tools.
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Laravel, Django, Ruby on Rails, Express.js, and Flask are the most common back-end frameworks that help in building the architecture of a website. Therefore, learning these languages and frameworks is vital for every full-stack developer.
Any software or app is incomplete without a database. The database is a way to create and maintain data of the website or app. It contains all the necessary information about the website users and the website products. Database creation is also a skill needed for any full-stack developer.
The database is the part of backend development that needs to be linked or integrated with the backend code. The most popular database for website development includes MySQL, Oracle, SQL Server, MongoDB, and PostgreSQL.
Knowledge of these database tools will help full-stack developers to build up their website database seamlessly.
Expertise in popular stacks
A full-stack developer needs to have expertise in using popular tech stacks. A Tech stack is also referred to as a solutions stack that consists of frameworks, languages, front-end & back-end tools, a database, and applications connected through APIs. A full-stack developer must be familiar with the following stacks.
- The MEAN stack: comprises layer of MongoDB, Express, Angular, and Node.js
- The MERN stack: comprises layer of MongoDB, Express, React, andÃÂ Node.js
- The Django stack: comprises layer of Django, Python, and MySQL
- The SERN stack: comprises layer of SQL, Express.js, React.js, and Node.js
- The LAMP stack: comprises layer of Linux, Apache, MySQL, and PHP
- The Ruby on Rails stack: comprises layer of Ruby, SQLite, and Rails
Along with the technical skills, a full-stack developer needs to possess some soft skills as well. Some of the soft skills required for a full-stack developer include active listening, teamwork management, time management, collaboration with other team members, and mentoring other developers.
These soft skills are ideal for any full-stack developer that helps them in maintaining great communication and collaboration with their team.
Working knowledge of DevOps
DevOps is an enhanced version of the software development lifecycle (SDLC) that combines software development (Dev) and IT operations (Ops). It guides developers through building and releasing updates and projects incrementally.
It will allow developers to follow an SDLC lifecycle that includes planning, coding, building, testing, release, deploying, operations, and monitoring. Therefore, a full-stack developer must be well-aware of DevOps to complete the project by following the proper lifecycle.
Why start your career as a full-stack developer?
According to the Glassdoor salary report, the national average salary for a full-stack developer is $99,274 in the United States. Full-stack development is a lucrative career that bridges the gap between frontend and backend development.
Becoming a full-stack developer will be a great experience for you as you’ll be working on every aspect of a project rather than sticking to a single part. As a full-stack developer, you’ll explore a unique approach to web development. It’s the best career for those who love to discover and learn new skills with each passing time.
Moreover, having a knee interest in learning new tools and frameworks can add great value to the overall project. It’s an ideal choice to become a full-stack developer as there are immense chances of growth and success in this field.
It’s a wrap! We are now well aware of the term full-stack developer and their roles and responsibilities. We get to know what skills are needed to become a full-stack developer and why to start a career as a full-stack developer.
With the rapid increase in the website and innovative apps, it’s now becoming crucial for developers to have expertise and skillset in both front-end and back-end development. Becoming a full-stack developer can be a great step towards a top-leading career.