Data Visualization with CSS: Graphs, Charts and More
A good data presentation is an important aspect in web industry because it is the key to let visitors understand your content within seconds. The easier or faster your visitors get a grasp of your web content, the higher it reflects your professionalism in handling presentation. Criteria for a decent data presentation should be simple yet descriptive, well elaborated but manage to maintain a user’s interest, takes no sweat to digest its content, convenient to compare and lastly, user should be able to make decisions or conclude the data presented effortlessly. As hard as these insane criteria may sound, it is possible.
In today’s post, we want to take your for a ride for various approaches to beautiful and creative data visualization tools that are entirely base on CSS/HTML. Yes just copy and paste then customize it according to your preference. These charts can be CSS bar graphs which display data in horizontal/vertical form, Drop-down list to your organize data or even Line graphs and Pie charts!
You want more? Keep scrolling!
A simple way of displaying the statistical figure as an overview with this accessible bar chart using CSS. The bar calculates value cells and labels used. The table headers used using aural text class
Bar charts are a definitive list with styles and classes defined in each line. The first chart has an error which occurs when the values get closer to 100% which is rectified in the second chart. Source code included for your reference.
Using the percentage width abilities of CSS, a percentage based bar graph is created in this tutorial. In a horizontal bar graph, you can either set a marker to travel the length from left to right or produce a vertical graph by using the same technique and reproducing it multiple times
Russ Weakley teaches you to create a graph based on percentage and using background images. Code and images linked can be copied and downloaded to use in your project.
Create vertical bar graphs using CSS and PHP by creating a simple list with height in pixels of individual bar, y-axis of the bar group and class to style the data sets. Eric Meyer teaches you to turn the same into a bar graph, line graph, pointed graph and a 3D graph using same techniques
Alen Grakalic teaches you to create a data chart using CSS and well formed markup using a structural and semantically definition list where definition titles can be on the x-axis and description on y axis. To create, go through the code in this tutorial.
Line graphs deliver information much faster than tables with numbers. Learn to create a line graph with CSS using HTML, replace the text with images and use CSS sprites and absolute positioning to obtain a line graph.
A much simple line graph which uses only DHTML and CSS and where you can set a transparent background for the graph. This graph loads faster and blends with rest of the page.
This Ajax graph is used to represent data of a year according to each month using only CSS and XHTML and runs in Firefox and Opera
Paul Novitski teaches you to create a multi column list using CSS in this article. He discusses a lot of techniques to achieve a multi column lists like floating the split lists, numbering them with HTML attribute, CSS generated content, wrapping the list with XHTML, CSS etc and finally adds a little styling and background image to achieve the multi column list perfectly.
A bullet graph compares a single measure to one or more other measures and displays the qualitative range of performances. They are quite flexible for data driven sites. Learn to create a bullet graph using CSS / HTML.
A column bar graph is created using CSS where the values are shown in colored vertical bars reaching to various heights according to the values specified. This graph quickly gives us a clear idea because the values are directly printed here. Using CSS selectors, sprites, styling of lists etc, learn to create a column graph from tutorial.
Downtime graph initially had a problem displaying long time intervals on limited screen area and keeping transparent layout of events which was clarified by the monthly calendar paradigm. The onMouseOver() is kept running and different colors are used for different types of downtime events.
A bar graph need not bevertical always. A horizontal bar graph can also be created. In this article a horizontal bar graph with different color variations is created using a class ‘horizontal graph’ and specifying the height of the graph from the markup using CSS.
A line graph which does not use any tables of images is created with CSS and DHTML which loads faster and the background can be changed as transparent.
A Production plan graph is created using the graph class as graph container and hLine also vLine for separator lines drawing. This graph is used in intranet applications. The width of the graph is calculated according to the displayed number of days and height using the number of job changes.
A sandwich graph is created when a single bar in a bar graph is split many layers where height of a single column may indicate a global trend whereas the height of a single layer indicates a portion of this layer. Create a CSS sandwich graph from this tutorial.
For a stacked graph, a definition list is used to present data, then the margins and padding are reset to appear the same in all browsers. Axes are added and stylized to get the stacked bars. Each and every detail is precisely taught in this tutorial.
A bar graph created using CSS and PHP sans graphics library and without much calculations used for margins. Padding making it quite easy to understand the technique which used only <div> s of varying height and color.
Pie charts make it quite easy to understand because they can be used in many colors which easily differentiate them with others and don’t require much space in the same time. A tutorial to create a simple Pie chart using DHTML / CSS. Insert the script for Pie chart in your page
Other CSS Visualisation tools
This tutorial makes the maps more accessible, useful and visually attractive using CSS. These maps start by organizing with a data and then create a map using that data by adding some styles, displaying data as tool tip, turning off the java script and finally an interactive map is created.
An animated progress bar is created using CSS with 3 elements, 1 container and 2 nested elements and the animation is done using animated gif. A background images is used in the container with defined height and width
Using CSS and unordered lists a CSS timeline can be created for the ‘About’ Section with simple markup. A nice looking timeline styled using CSS is created which will work even if the visitor does not have his CSS enabled.
SlickMap CSS is a style sheet that display the finished site maps from the HTML unordered list navigation. It can be customized to your own needs or styles. SlickMap streamlines the design process and eliminates the need of additional software by automating the illustration of site maps
A table need not be always fixed in data. We can create a scrollable table with a fixed header and any number of data which can be scrolled.
Did we miss out any tools which you found useful? Do let us know and share it with us.